North Coast Resource List

ArchiveAre you interested in learning more about the history of Finnish radicals or the Oregon Commonwealth Federation?  Or about other social movements from the first half of the 20th century with a presence on Oregon’s North Coast?  Scroll down for some ideas on where to begin!  And please let us know if you have suggestions for things to add to this list!

Online Resources

Pacific Northwest Labor and Civil Rights Projects
The Oregon Encyclopedia
The Oregon History Project
The Labor Project

Books and Dissertations

Herzig, Jill Hopkins. “The Oregon Commonwealth Federation: The Rise and Decline of a Reform Organization,” 1963.

Hummasti, Paul George. Finnish Radicals in Astoria, Oregon, 1904-1940: A Study in Immigrant Socialism. New York: Arno Press, 1979.

Mar, David Peterson del. Oregon’s Promise: An Interpretive History. Oregon State University Press, 2003.

Mattila, Walter, and Finnish American Historical Society of the West. The Theater Finns. Portland, OR: Finnish American Historical Society of the West, 1972.

Polishuk, Sandy, and Julia Ruuttila. Sticking to the Union: An Oral History of the Life and Times of Julia Ruuttila. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Pope, Daniel, ed. American Radicalism. 1st ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2001.

Robbins, William G. Landscapes of Promise: The Oregon Story, 1800-1940. University of Washington Press, 1999.

Articles and Reports

Bussel, Robert, and University of Oregon. “Understanding the Immigrant Experience in Oregon: Research, Analysis, and Recommendations from University of Oregon Scholars,” 2008.

Hummasti, P. G. “Finns on Both Sides: The Development of Finnish Communities along the Lower Columbia River.” The Pacific Northwest Quarterly 93, no. 3 (2002): 137–145.

Hummasti, P. G. “Ethnicity and Radicalism: The Finns of Astoria and the Toveri, 1890-1930.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 96, no. 4 (December 1, 1995): 362–393.

Hummasti, P. George. “World War I and the Finns of Astoria, Oregon: The Effects of the War on an Immigrant Community.” International Migration Review 11, no. 3 (October 1, 1977): 334–349.

Lovin, Hugh T. “Toward a Farmer-Labor Party in Oregon, 1933-38.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 76, no. 2 (June 1, 1975): 135–151.

Tyler, Robert L. “I. W. W. in the Pacific N. W.: Rebels of the Woods.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 55, no. 1 (March 1, 1954): 3–44.


Johnson, Lawrence, George Hummasti, Lawrence Johnson Productions, and Clatsop County Historical Society. Remembering Uniontown Finnish-Americans in Astoria, 1918-1942. Astoria, Or.: Clatsop County Historical Society, 1980.

Archival Collections and Newspapers

Oregon Commonwealth Federation Records 1936-1942. Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon.

Western Workmen’s Publishing Company. Toveri. Astoria, OR. (Microfilm available at Oregon Historical Society and University of Oregon.)

———. Toveritar. Astoria, OR.  (Microfilm available at University of Oregon.)


Clatsop County Historical Society
Columbia River Maritime Museum Research Library
Finnish-American Historical Society of the West
Oregon Historical Society


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